USDA sees smaller alfalfa, hay production

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USDA sees smaller alfalfa, hay production

The USDA is projecting a year to year decline in hay production due to slight decreases in planted area and average yield. Drought is also an issue in some areas.

Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is seen at 48.156 million tons with an average yield of 2.99 tons per acre and harvested area of 16.123 million acres, while production of all types of hay is pegged at 72.326 million tons with an average yield of 2.04 and harvested area of 35.414 million tons.

The USDA’s next set of supply, demand, and production numbers is out Tuesday, November 9th at Noon Eastern/11 Central.

Comparisons for Brownfield states:

Arkansas: All: 2.322 million tons, compared to 2.667 million in 2020; average yield of 1.8 tons per acre, compared to 2.1 a year ago; harvested area of 1.29 million acres, compared to 1.27 million last year

Illinois: All: 576,000 tons, compared to 621,000 in 2020; average yield of 2.4 tons per acre, compared to 2.3 a year ago; harvested area of 240,000 acres, compared to 270,000 last year; Alfalfa: 630,000 tons, compared to 858,000 in 2020; average yield of 3.5 tons per acre, compared to 3.9 a year ago; harvested area of 180,000 acres, compared to 220,000 last year

Indiana: All: 560,000 tons, compared to 644,000 in 2020; average yield of 2 tons per acre, compared to 2.3 a year ago; harvested area of 280,000 acres, steady with last year; Alfalfa: 750,000 tons, compared to 638,000 in 2020; average yield of 3 tons per acre, compared to 2.9 a year ago; harvested area of 250,000 acres, compared to 220,000 last year

Iowa: All: 828,000 tons, compared to 792,000 in 2020; average yield of 2.3 tons per acre, compared to 2.4 a year ago; harvested area of 360,000 acres, compared to 330,000 last year; Alfalfa: 2.844 million tons, compared to 2.905 million tons; average yield of 3.6 tons per acre, compared to 3.5 a year ago; harvested area of 790,000 acres, compared to 830,000 last year

Kansas: All: 3.15 million tons, compared to 3.895 million in 2020; average yield of 1.8 tons per acre, compared to 1.9 a year ago; harvested area of 1.75 million acres, compared to 2.05 million last year; Alfalfa: 2.419 million tons, compared to 1.998 million in 2020; average yield of 4.1 tons per acre, compared to 3.7 a year ago; harvested area of 590,000 acres, compared to 540,000 last year

Michigan: All: 506,000 tons, compared to 460,000 in 2020; average yield of 2.2 tons per acre, compared to 2 a year ago; harvested area of 230,000 acres, steady with last year; Alfalfa: 1.512 million tons, compared to 1.54 million in 2020; average yield of 2.7 tons per acre, compared to 2.8 a year ago; harvested area of 560,000 acres, compared to 550,000 last year

Minnesota: All: 816,000 tons, compared to 882,000 in 2020; average yield of 1.7 tons per acre, compared to 1.8 a year ago; harvested area of 480,000 acres, compared to 490,000 last year; Alfalfa: 1.725 million tons, compared to 2.664 million in 2020; average yield of 2.3 tons per acre, compared to 3.6 a year ago; harvested area of 750,000 acres, compared to 740,000 last year

Missouri: All: 5.8 million tons, compared to 5.843 million in 2020; average yield of 2 tons per acre, compared to 2.05 a year ago; harvested area of 2.9 million acres, compared to 2.85 million last year; Alfalfa: 528,000 tons, compared to 594,000 in 2020; average yield of 2.4 tons per acre, compared to 2.7 a year ago; harvested area of 220,000 acres, steady with last year

Nebraska: All: 2.48 million tons, compared to 3.102 million in 2020; average yield of 1.6 tons per acre, compared to 1.65 a year ago; harvested area of 1.55 million acres, compared to 1.88 million last year; Alfalfa: 3.744 million tons, compared to 3.628 million in 2020; average yield of 3.9 tons per acre, compared to 3.8 a year ago; harvested area of 960,000 acres, compared to 860,000 last year

Ohio: All: 1.368 million tons, compared to 1.232 million in 2020; average yield of 2.4 tons per acre, compared to 2.2 a year ago; harvested area of 570,000 acres, compared to 560,000 last year; Alfalfa: 900,000 tons, compared to 870,000 in 2020; average yield of 3 tons per acre, compared to 2.9 a year ago; harvested area of 300,000 acres, steady with last year

South Dakota: All: 1.265 million tons, compared to 2.125 million in 2020; average yield of 1.1 tons per acre, compared to 1.7 a year ago; harvested area of 1.15 million acres, compared to 1.25 million last year; Alfalfa: 2.08 million tons, compared to 3.24 million in 2020; average yield of 1.3 tons per acre, compared to 2.3 a year ago; harvested area of 1.6 million acres, compared to 1.8 million last year

Tennessee: All: 3.677 million tons, compared to 4.066 million in 2020; average yield of 2.15 tons per acre, compared to 2.35 a year ago; harvested area of 1.71 million acres, compared to 1.73 million last year

Wisconsin: All: 481,000 tons, compared to 795,000 in 2020; average yield of 1.3 tons per acre, compared to 1.5 a year ago; harvested area of 370,000 acres, compared to 530,000 last year; Alfalfa: 1.955 million tons, compared to 2.688 million in 2020; average yield of 2.3 tons per acre, compared to 3.2 a year ago; harvested area of 850,000 acres, compared to 840,000 last year

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